- Real Winners
- Athletes Whereabouts
- Registered Testing Pool
- What Happens in a Drug Test
- Real Winners
- Athletes Whereabouts
- Registered Testing Pool
- What Happens in a Drug Test
Athletics Ireland has adopted the Sports Anti-Doping Rules which are compliant with the World Anti-Doping Code. Athletics Ireland strongly recommends that all High Performance athletes become familiar with their rights and responsibilities in relation to anti-doping programmes and act according. Athletics Ireland condemns the use of banned substances and unethical methods to improve the performance of athletes in sport. We support a fair and equitable competition environment and doping does not promote the good health and safe welfare of athletes. We believe that any illegal substances and methods are against the spirit of sport and will bring the Sport of Athletics into disrepute and accordingly have zero tolerance for such practices. The 2015 Irish Anti-doping Rules are available here.
How to check your medication here
Prohibited List here
Athletics Ireland Anti-doping Officer: Gill Brosnan. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Phone: 0872252439
Anti-Doping Rule Violations
The Lab finding evidence of the use of a prohibited substance or method in your sample is an Anti-Doping Rule Violation, but did you know the following are also rule violations:
Use or Attempted Use by an Athlete of a prohibited substance or method Refusing to provide a sample when requested Tampering or Attempted Tampering with any part of the drug testing procedures Possession of prohibited substance or method Trafficking or Attempted administration of any prohibited substances or method Administration or Attempted administration of any prohibited substances or method Committing three whereabouts failures in eighteen months.
Real Winners: E-learning Anti-Doping education programme Real Winner is an interactive e-learning education programme about Anti-Doping, brought to you in partnership with the Irish Sports Council. It gives athletes and their support personnel an understanding of key topics such as doping control procedures, the World Anti-Doping Agency prohibited list, whereabouts systems, therapeutic use exemptions and the consequences of doping.
Real Winner consists of nine interactive modules, ranging from five to ten minutes per module, plus an introduction module; the entire course can be completed in just over an hour. Anyone can access the programme by clicking on the Real Winner banner; on the 'Login' section of the Real Winner homepage enter your Name, Email address, select your Sport and Status and click 'Log In'. (Remember these details as you have the option of either completing all modules at once, or you can exit at any time and return to where you left off when you next log in.) When you have completed all modules, you can print a Certificate of Completion. The following are the nine modules of Real Winner:
Case 0 - Introduction
Case 1 - Rules
Case 2 - Consequences for health
Case 3 - Doping control procedures
Case 4 - Therapeutic Use Exemptions
Case 5 - Whereabouts
Case 6 - Dietary supplements
Case 7 - The WADA Prohibited List
Case 8 - Breach of anti-doping regulations
Case 9 - Role model and values communicator
This online programme can be accessed here.
Quarterly Whereabouts Filing Deadlines
January – March 2015: December 15th 2014
April – June 2015: March 15th 2015
July – September 2015: June 15th 2015
October – December 2015: September 15th 2015
*If you have forgotten your log-in details please email email@example.com
Therapeutic Use Exemption Policy
Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE) Policy is based on the level that an athlete competes at, the level an athlete competes at determines whether the athlete needs to apply to the Irish Sports Council or their International Federation for a TUE, and if applying to the Irish Sports Council whether the athlete must apply for a TUE before using a prohibited substance, or has the option of applying for TUE retroactively following a positive drug test.
*The Registered Testing Pool is a pool of top level athletes who are subject to both in- and out-of-competition testing, who must meet whereabouts requirements of the ISC. The RTP is agreed with the sport annually, and individual athletes are informed in writing of their inclusion in the RTP.
1: Applying to your International Federation (IF) for a TUE
Under the WADA Code Article 4.4 "Athletes who have been identified as included in their International Federation's Registered Testing Pool may only obtain therapeutic use exemptions in accordance with the rules of their International Federation. Each International Federation shall publish a list of those International Events for which a therapeutic use exemption from the International Federation is required."If the flowchart suggests that you should apply to the IF for a TUE, contact the Anti-Doping Officer of your sport or contact the International Federation directly to find out if the International Events you compete in are on the list requiring you to apply to the International Federation for a TUE. A list of IF contacts is available at www.irishsportscouncil.ie/Anti-Doping
2: Pre-Test TUE
If the flowchart suggests that you should apply for a Pre-Test TUE BEFORE you take the medication - follow the section below titled 'How to apply for a TUE'. You should not take the prohibited medication until you have received a Certificate of Approval.
In the case of a medical emergency where medical personnel need to administer medications immediately, contact the Irish Sports Council/ International Federation as soon as possible afterwards to seek advice on making a TUE Application for this emergency treatment.
3: Post-Test TUE
If the flowchart suggests that you can apply for a Post-Test TUE, this means that following a drug test, if the lab reports an Adverse Analytical Finding (AAF), i.e. a prohibited substance is found in your sample, the Irish Sports Council will contact you to offer you the opportunity you to make a TUE application for the substance within specified timelines. All athletes are urged to ensure that their doctor keeps their medical file** up to date at all times, therefore you will be in a position to make this application if required.
If you are unable to prove through your TUE application that you were using the Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method for a legitimate therapeutic purpose, the AAF will stand and the National Governing Body will start proceedings for a Disciplinary Hearing as per the Irish Anti-Doping Rules. If the TUE Committee reviews the medical file and is satisfied that you used the Prohibited Substance or Method for a legitimate purpose, the AAF is not pursued and no action is taken against you.
How to apply for a TUE
- Allow at least 30 days prior to your next competition in order to allow sufficient time for the TUE Committee to make a decision on the application
- You should not take the prohibited medication until you have recieved a Certificate of Approval except in a meciacl emergency where you should contact the Irish Sprots Council/International Federation immediatly
- Download a TUE form from www.irishsportscouncil.ie/tue
- If a permitted medication can be used to treat the medical condition, the prescribing doctor must provide clinical justification on the TUE form for the requested use of the prohibited medication.
- The PRESCRIBING doctoe must complete and sign the TUE which should be accompanied by a meciacl file *
All TUE applications MUST be accompanied by a medical file* reflecting current best medical practice to include:
1. A complete medical history
2. Copies of all relevant examinations and clinical notes (for example, if you reference a clinic visit in a letter or summary, you must include a copy of the clinical notes taken during the visit)
3. Copies of laboratory results/reports, and imaging studies
4. Exact name, speciality, address (including telephone, e-mail, fax) of examining physician.
For Asthma TUE applications, the medical file should also specifically include:
5. A comprehensive report of the clinical examination with specific focus on the respiratory system
6. A report of spirometry with the measure of the Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 second (FEV1)
7. If airway obstruction is present, the spirometry will be repeated after inhalation of a short acting beta-2 agonist to demonstrate the reversibility of bronchoconstriction
8. In the absence of reversible airway obstruction, a bronchial provocation test is required to establish the presence of airway hyper responsiveness.
- Submit the TUE Application Form and Medical File by post, fax or email (scanned copy)
- The TUE Application will be considered by the TUE Committee which consists of several medical professionals. The Committee will make a decision to grant or reject the TUE Application based on TUE Guidelines published by the World Anti-Doping Agency.
You will be informed of the outcome in writing where the ISC will issue either a Certificate of Approval or Notice of Rejection. The outcome will also be forwarded to your National Governing Body, and where applicable your International Federation and/or WADA. The Certificate of Approval will have an expiry date and it is the responsibility of the athlete to reapply for a TUE where necessary
Please Note:The Certificate of Approval is only valid for the substance(s) listed in your Certificate and should your treatment, dosage or situation change, you must contact the TUE Secretariat of the Irish Sports Council immediately as you may need to reapply for a new TUE for the change of treatment or change of dosage
Decleration of Use Policy
WADA have removed the requirement for a Declaration of Use from 01 January 2011; however athletes are reminded that they should declare all medications and supplements taken in the 14 days prior to drug testing on the Doping Control Form at the time of testing.
Note: Abbreviated TUEs, which were used under a previous system are no longer valid - you should check the current status of the medication and apply for a TUE where necessary.
Registered Testing Pool
What is the Registered Testing Pool (RTP)?
The RTP is a list of elite athletes, agreed between the NGB and the ISC, who meet certain criteria (outlined below). The Irish Sports Council will notify in writing athletes that are included in the RTP.
Criteria for inclusion in the Registered Testing Pool
One or more of the following criteria is used to select an athlete for inclusion in the Registered Testing Pool:
- Athletes on the carding scheme in the Contract, World Class and International categories
- Athletes in the developmental category from high risk sports listed in the Council's Test Distribution Plan and other sports targeted by the Council
- Olympic or Paralympic Qualifiers
- Athletes who are included in an International Federation RTP
- Any athlete currently serving a period of ineligibility
- Any athlete who wishes to return from retirement and was previously in the Registered Testing Pool
- Any other athlete that is required to be target tested under Clause 4.4.2 of the International Standard for Testing
RTP athletes are required to:
- Submit a complete and accurate quarterly Whereabouts Filing
- Update their Whereabouts Filing information
- Apply for a Pre-Test Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE) for all Prohibited Methods and Substances in line with the Irish Sports Council TUE Policy
RTP Athletes must avoid committing a Whereabouts Failure
A Whereabouts Failure is either a Filing Failure or a Missed Test:
Filing Failure – If an athlete fails to return his/her quarterly Whereabouts Filing by the stated deadlines, fully and accurately completed, this may result in a Filing Failure and the athlete may also lose any funding they are receiving from the Council or any other organisation.
Missed Test – If an athlete fails to be available for Testing at the location and time specified in the 60-minute time slot identified in his or her Whereabouts Filing for the day in question it may result in a Missed Test and the athlete may also lose any funding they are receiving from the Council or any other organisation.
The Irish Anti-Doping Rules 2009 Article 5.11 outlines the process the Council will follow in the event of a Whereabouts Failure.
Quarterly Whereabouts Filing Deadlines
|Quarter||Whereabouts Filing Deadline|
|Quarter One January - March 2015||December 15th 2014|
|Quarter Two April- June 2015||March 15th 2015|
|Quarter Three July- September 2015||June 15th 2015|
|Quarter Four October- December 2015||
September 15th 2015
|How to Submit your Whereabouts Filing||
How to Update your Whereabouts Filing
Athlete whereabouts online System:
Athlete Whereabouts Online System:
|Fax: 00353 1 8608860||
Fax: 00353 1 8608860
If you use your mobile phone number that is listed on your Athlete Online System, you will receive a confirmation text when you text this number
Tips for Completing your Whereabouts Filing and Updating your Whereabouts
- Submit your Whereabouts Filing ahead of the deadline
- Save reminders for the deadline dates in you mobile phone and calendars
- Consider keeping your 60 minute time-slot and location the same and update changes
- Print and keep a copy of your Whereabouts Filing with you, so you can monitor when you need to update the information
- Save the whereabouts number 00353-87-9580211 in your phone
- Ask your coach or close friends and family to save 00353-87-9580211 in their phone
- Learn the whereabouts number 00353-87-9580211 off by heart so you can always make an update anywhere, anytime.
An athlete who retires must promptly inform the Anti-Doping Unit in writing through post or e-mail. If an athlete retires, he/she is immediately removed from the Registered Testing Pool (RTP). The Irish Sports Council will confirm the receipt of the retirement by letter and that the athlete is no longer on the RTP.
Return from Retirement
In accordance with the Irish Anti-Doping Rules, an Athlete who was previously included in the Registered Testing Pool and is returning from retirement may not resume competing unless he or she notifies the Irish Sports Council at least six (6) months before he or she expects to return to Competition and during that notice period making themselves available for Out-of-Competition Testing as required by the Irish Sports Council.
Irish Sports Council Link:http://www.irishsportscouncil.ie/Anti-Doping/Testing/Registered_Testing_Pool/
What happens in a Drug Test
All athletes have rights and responsibilities relating to Drug Testing in Sport.
You must stay within sight of a tester at all times until you have provided your sample and are permitted to leave
Will a minor be tested?
The decision to test athletes is not based on age; it is based on the level that the athlete is competing at. Minors competing at national level may be tested. When a minor is providing a sample they have the right to request their representative to be present in the toilet area. The representative will not witness the passing of the sample but are present to watch the actions of the Chaperone/DCO who is witnessing the sample. The athlete's consent is required before their representative may enter the toilet area. If the athlete does not wish to bring their representative, the Event Contact Person or the National Children's Officer for the National Governing Body will be requested to act as a representative for the athlete.
What if I refuse to be tested?
Although you are entitled to refuse to provide a sample please bear in mind that a refusal might be treated as a doping violation by your NGB. The tester will advise you of the consequences of failing to comply with sample collection procedures. The sanction for refusal is a period of ineligibility of up to 2 years from sport. For more information on sanctions, read the Consequences section of "Results Management" or read Article 7 of the Irish Anti-Doping rules.
Irish Sports Council Link: http://www.irishsportscouncil.ie/Anti-Doping/Testing/What_happens_in_a_drug_test_/
What happens in a Drug Test-Blood
Why is blood testing part of the Anti-Doping Programme?
Blood testing is completed for two main purposes:
1) Direct detection of prohibited substances
Some doping agents and doping methods can be revealed directly in blood samples. These include growth hormone, blood transfusions and CERA.
2) Indirect detection of prohibited substances by using blood profiles which forms part of the Athlete Biological Passport.
Is blood collection necessary?
The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), International Federations and National Anti-Doping Organizations all agree that blood sampling and testing for doping control is a viable, dependable and necessary element of a complete and robust anti-doping programme. The collection of blood is crucial to detect the fullest range of substances and methods on the Prohibited List. Blood testing will further assist in providing a level playing field for all athletes and provide an additional means for athletes to demonstrate they are competing cleanly.
Which sports/athletes will be blood tested?
Every national-level Irish athlete and every sport, in accordance with the Irish Anti-Doping Rules, could be blood tested. However, the Irish Sports Council will begin implementation of the blood program by focusing on endurance sports and power sports.
Who is responsible for collecting blood samples?
As with every doping control mission, an accredited Doping Control Officer (DCO) is responsible for the overall management of the sample collection. The testers will guide you through the collection of blood samples. A certified and experienced phlebotomist , Blood Collection Officer (BCO), is responsible for drawing the blood, advising you of aftercare procedures and providing first aid to you (in the unlikely event it is required).
How will you know if you need to provide a blood sample?
Similar to urine testing, at the time of notification the tester will tell the athlete if they are subject to a urine or blood test, or both.
What are the procedures for blood collection?
The principles of blood collection is similar to the collection of urine samples. You will be notified of your selection for doping control by a tester and informed that a urine and/or blood sample will be collected. In some cases, depending on the type of blood test that is being undertaken, it may be a requirement that you have not taken part in strenuous exercise for at least two hours. Once at the doping control station, the Irish Sports Council doping control officer will explain the process to the athlete and the athlete will have the opportunity to ask questions. In summary, the process will unfold as follows:
- You will be asked to remain seated/relaxed for at least 10 minutes before undergoing venipuncture.
- You will be asked to select the blood collection equipment to be used for the session from a number of available kits (including Berlinger blood kit, Vacutainer blood test tubes, needles, etc.), to inspect the equipment, and to verify sample code numbers.
- The blood collection officer will ask for your non-dominant arm, apply a tourniquet (a constricting or compressing device used to control venous and arterial circulation to an extremity for a period of time) to the upper arm, and clean the skin at the puncture site.
- The blood collection officer will draw blood and fill each Vacutainer blood test tube with the required volume of blood.
- The blood collection officer will place the Vacutainer test tubes into the Berlinger A and B bottles.
- The doping control officer will provide instructions to you regarding the sealing of the blood samples.
- The blood samples will be transported by secure chain of custody to a WADA-approved laboratory for analysis.
How much blood is collected?
Normally two tubes of blood are collected, each containing 3-5mls. Typically, an athlete would be providing two tubes of blood. While not common, it is possible that an athlete might be required to provide four tubes of blood. The volume of blood collected for the purposes of doping control would not have an impact on your performance.
Can the BCO be a different gender to the athlete?
Yes, there is no requirement for the BCO to be of the same sex as the athlete. Should the Irish Sports Council believe that a period of chaperoning may be required for convenience we would endeavour to assign a same sex Doping Control Officer/Chaperone to the testing mission.
How long will the blood collection process take?
Collecting blood is a very quick process but as with any anti-doping procedure we must ensure the integrity of the sample and the well being of the athlete. The blood collection officers have been instructed to take as much time as needed. As this is an anti-doping test there also is the essential sample collection form to be completed in its entirety in a thorough fashion. Experience has shown that from start to finish the procedure takes about 30 minutes.
I am afraid of needles and could faint easily at the sight of blood!
While the Irish Sports Council makes every possible effort to make the collection of blood samples as easy and painless as possible for you, however if you are prone to fainting when giving blood, or should the sight of blood make you nervous, afraid, and/or nauseous, inform the blood collection officer and doping control officer of your concerns. It is highly recommended that you have a representative present with you during the doping control process and who can assist you with the blood collection process (e.g. view the collection of blood etc). You will have the option of sitting or lying down when the blood sample is being provided. In the event an athlete faints or requires first aid, the blood collection officers are trained in first aid.
Can I resume physical activity immediately after providing a blood sample?
The volume of blood provided does not prevent you from exercising afterwards. To minimize bruising to the arm, it is advisable that you do not undertake any strenuous exercise using the arm where blood was drawn for at least 30 minutes after sample collection.
What if I refuse to be tested?
Although you are entitled to refuse to provide a sample please bear in mind that a refusal might be treated as a doping violation by your NGB. The tester will advise you of the consequences of failing to comply with sample collection procedures. The sanction for refusal is a period of ineligibility of up to 2 years from sport. For more information on sanctions, read Article 7 of the Irish Anti-Doping Rules.
It takes longer for the laboratory to process blood tests, so in general it will be about ten weeks before you receive a result, compared to about six weeks for urine testing. As per the urine testing, the Irish Sports Council will send the results of the drug test to the athlete's NGB, whose responsibility it is to send a results letter to each individual athlete.
What is blood doping?
Blood doping is the misuse of certain techniques and/or substances to increase one's red blood cell mass, which allows the body to transport more oxygen to muscles and therefore increase stamina and performance.
There are three widely known substances or methods used for blood doping: erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (e.g. EPO, CERA), synthetic oxygen carriers, and blood transfusions. Each is prohibited under the WADA Prohibited List.
What is hGH?
Human growth hormone (hGH) is a hormone that is synthesized and secreted by cells in the anterior pituitary gland located at the base of the brain. hGH is known to act on many aspects of cellular metabolism and is also necessary for skeletal growth in humans. The major role of hGH in body growth is to stimulate the liver and other tissues to secrete insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1). IGF-1 stimulates production of cartilage cells, resulting in bone growth, and also plays a key role in muscle and organ growth. hGH is prohibited both in- and out-of-competition under the WADA Prohibited List.